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Researchers Sequence Genomes of All Living Penguin Species

Scientists from the Penguin Genome Consortium have produced 19 high-coverage penguin genome sequences that, together with two previously published genomes, encompass all surviving penguin species. Penguins (Sphenisciformes) are a remarkable order of flightless wing-propelled diving seabirds distributed widely across the ...

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New Model for Plasma Flow within Sun Provides Explanations for Sunspots, Other Solar Phenomena

A team of researchers from the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the University of Washington proposes a new model of plasma motion that would explain the 11-year sunspot cycle, magnetic reversals, and other previously unexplained solar phenomena. “Our model ...

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1,400-Year-Old Colorful Christian Mosaic Found in Israel

A team of Israeli archaeologists has uncovered an impressively detailed mosaic in an ancient city called Hippos-Sussita. Dating back approximately 1,400 years to the Byzantine period, the mosaic once sat on a church floor and may depict one of Jesus’ ...

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How Understanding the History of the Earth’s Climate Can Offer Hope Amid Crisis

There is no longer any debate that global warming is real, and that it is happening now at an alarming rate. It is transforming the global climate system before our eyes. The rise of fossil-fueled economies over the past 200 ...

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Biologists Find Striking Similarities between Human and Archaeal Chromosomes

The similar clustering of DNA in the chromosomes of humans and Archaea is significant because certain genes activate or deactivate based upon how they’re folded, according to a paper published in the journal Cell. Archaea are one of the primary ...

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Scientists Reconstruct Skeletal Anatomy of Denisovans

A team of researchers from Israel and Spain has produced reconstructions of Denisovans, an extinct sister group of Neanderthals, based on patterns of methylation — chemical changes — in their ancient DNA. “We provide the first reconstruction of the skeletal ...

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North America Has Lost Nearly 3 Billion Birds Since 1970

Birds across the U.S. are disappearing, though many of us probably haven’t noticed. Over the past half century, North American bird populations have undergone a quiet crisis, with scientists estimating the continent to have lost 29% of its total avian ...

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How Dr. Benjamin Spock Changed American Parenting

The book ignited a revolution, breaking free from conventional wisdom that said children required schedules, discipline and little affection. Instead, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Childcare, written by Dr. Benjamin Spock and published in 1946, encouraged parents to ...

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Chronic Ear Infections Contributed to Neanderthal Extinction

Neanderthals may have been doomed to extinction because they had persistent, life-long ear infections due to the structure of their Eustachian tubes, a team of researchers from Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University, Icahn School of Medicine ...

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Biblical Edomite Kingdom was ‘Copper Powerhouse,’ Study Reveals

Edom, an ancient kingdom of the southern Levant mentioned in the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) as well as in Assyrian and Egyptian sources, experienced a ‘leap’ in technological advancement in the 10th century BCE, according to new research led by ...

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