Credit Travis Dove for The New York Times
For the eco-conscious car buyer, Teslaâs luxury electric vehicles, with their neck-snapping acceleration, are proof that performance doesnât have to be sacrificed at the altar of saving the environment.
But for some discerning consumers, there is a nagging problem. The leather in the seats and steering wheel requires slaughtering animals, and the cloth substitute doesnât quite measure up for a vehicle that can cost more than $ 100,000.
Now, in response, comes the Tesla that even a luxury-minded vegan could love.
Synthetic leather, in a shade Tesla calls Ultra White, is available as an option for the new Model X sport utility vehicle.
Tesla is just the latest automaker to join in what even Euell Gibbons, the naturalist of Grape-Nuts fame, would have had a hard time imagining a generation ago: a rush by the car industry â long a symbol of environmental wreckage â to project a more responsible image.
âAll the car companies want sustainability cred,â said Jack Nerad, executive editorial director at Kelley Blue Book.
Perhaps it was inevitable. After all, celebrities like BeyoncÃ© and Brad Pitt have given the vegan lifestyle gloss, while its growing number of adherents have pushed restaurants and food companies to create more palatable plant-based products that mimic meat and dairy items.
If vegans are willing to pay for a premium vehicle, why shouldnât they be able to have fake leather, too?
So in recent years, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Lexus and Ferrari have begun offering models with faux leather seating, and Volvo and Ford have increasingly emphasized the use of more natural components like soy foam in their seats.
Consider the BMW i3. For $ 42,400 and up, a buyer gets an interior with open-pore eucalyptus wood harvested from a âcertified forest.â (Translation: a forest that is responsibly managed.) The interior panels are made of a renewable Asian kenaf plant, and it is all assembled in a wind-powered factory in Germany.
âThe aim of developing the BMW i cars is not simply to build emission-free cars,â the companyâs website says, âbut also to use the maximum possible amount of sustainably produced and recycled materials â especially inside.â
At BMW, it appears, environmental guilt no longer comes standard.
In the case of Tesla, whose brand represents a kind of sustainable luxe, many vegans have complained that it makes no sense for an eco-friendly car to include animal products, given the significant amount of greenhouse gases the industrial agriculture sector emits. Even Nikola Tesla, the inventor for whom the car is named, they point out, was a vegetarian.
Leilani MÃ¼nter, a professional racecar driver and environmental advocate who is vegan, said she was disappointed when she first tried to buy the Model S and could not get the faster, sportier model without real leather seats.
She contacted Elon Musk, Teslaâs founder and chief executive, who helped her get the desired model with cloth seats, she said. Not too long after â faced with several complaints from similar-minded would-be customers â the company made cloth seats, only in black, an option for all models and trim packages, with a synthetic-leather-clad steering wheel available on special request.
Credit Travis Dove for The New York Times
The new seating option for the Model X goes a step further.
âTesla revolutionized the electric car and now itâs redefined luxury interiors by using these vegan materials, which are both animal- and environmentally friendly,â said Anne Brainard, senior corporate liaison and manager of corporate affairs at People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. The group urged Tesla to stop using leather at its shareholder meeting last June and had since remained in discussions with the carmaker.
âWe find that customers enjoy both leather and nonleather options for their Teslas,â Khobi Brooklyn, a company spokeswoman, said in an email. âWe are committed to giving customers the ability to build the Tesla that meets their needs and lifestyle choices.â
Jack Norris, executive director of Vegan Outreach, an advocacy group based in Davis, Calif., said Teslaâs move indicated that enough people had voiced concern to push the carmaker to respond.
âFortunately the options for this lifestyle are really expanding and becoming cool,â Melissa Wood, who drives a BMW with synthetic leather seating, said in an email.
Still, as the push to reduce carbon dioxide emissions leads to the use of new energy sources, it may become even trickier to avoid animal products.
Biofuels aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions â like those United Airlines announced last year it would start using, and would invest $ 30 million to develop â are sometimes derived from animal fats. And the use of animal-based food waste to make electricity and fuel is on the rise in places like Cleveland, Boston and Orlando.
Ms. MÃ¼nter, who turned down sponsorship from a company that was making lubrications from beef tallow, said that she looked forward to a day without liquid fuels entirely.
âI donât like burning fuel,â she said. âEventually, itâs just not going to be a byproduct theyâre trying to use because hopefully there wonât be this huge industry thatâs slaughtering billions of animals every year.â
Mark and Elizabeth Peters, shareholders and S-Model owners who are vegan and have publicly pressed Tesla to abandon animal products, agreed, but said that it was difficult to completely avoid them.
âThereâs ingredients in most everything that we see, wear and experience in our daily lives that somehow have utilized a part of an animal, which is unfortunate,â Ms. Peters said. âBut if we know, then we can make a choice.â